Can you guess the element which is considered as holy, sacred in various communities? It has been one of the most element in the history of mankind?
Yes, you guessed it right. It is definitely FIRE!
But what happens when you read about or experience a fire disaster? You feel you could have avoided the situation or you feel that what if there was an alternative to prevent this situation altogether?
Well, the good news is there is a solution and the best part is that it is an environment friendly solution which comes in the form of Fire Doors.
The name, Fire Door suggests that these doors protect us from fire. But wondering how? Here is the answer.
Well, Fire Doors act as a barricade to smoke and fire. They are designed and installed to protect lives and properties, as fire incidents cause severe injuries and/or death. A fire door is a door with a fire-resistance rating (sometimes referred to as a fire protection rating for closures) used as part of a passive fire protection system to reduce the spread of fire and smoke between separate compartments of a structure and to enable safe egress from a building or structure.
A proper fire door poses qualities to work as a normal door, provides easy exit access to occupants in the event of a fire, prevents spreading of fire and smoke by sealing shut and also meets requirements of international and local building codes.
Before being utilized, these doors pass through three tests of Insulation, Integrity and Stability that ensures constant safety of people in the event of a fire breakout.
Indeed, Fire Doors have their own advantages which include keeping fire, smoke and heat within compartments, providing increased protection to storage areas.
Fire Doors also delays spread of fire smoke, heat and also ensure easy access to exit points.
So, now that you know what are Fire Doors and how do they function, here are five key points to remember before making a purchase.
Certification: It is a must that you check for the official certification before a purchase. Without a certification, a door cannot be considered as a Fire Door.
Gaps: The gap at the bottom of the fire door is important. If the gap is too large, the issue is 1) That cold-smoke may spread from the fire side and 2) That cold air from the non-fire side may be drawn under the door and feed the fire to aid its development.
The maximum gap allowed for a fire door is generally 10mm between the door bottom edge and the floor covering. The maximum gap for a fire door with smoke protection is 3mm but if this is not possible a gap of up to 10mm is permissible with the use of a smoke seal to seal the gap at the door bottom edge.
Seals: The seals should expand when they come in contact with heat which will then stop travelling of fire and smoke.
Hinges: Make sure that every screw is fit properly and that the doors are maintained properly. For this, try opening and closing the door to get a better idea.
Closing properly: The door should close firmly since fire door works only when it is closed. It is meaningless to install a Fire Door if it does not close completely and by itself.
In conclusion, protecting the life and property from an unexpected disaster is the main motto of these doors making them crucial as well as beneficial.